Your knee incurs deficits in terms of strength, proprioception the ability to maintain balance, muscle timing and gait walking patterns after suffering an acl injury. Acl reconstruction rehab protocol boston sports medicine. Since 2005, numerous studies have evaluated the safety of accelerated and bracefree. The primary goal of this protocol is to protect the reconstruction while steadily progressing towards and ultimately achieving preinjury level of activity. Keenan 2009 information on acl ruptures the knee is the largest joint in the body. Rehabilitation guidelines for acl reconstruction in the. It is by no means intended to be a substitute for ones. Pcl reconstruction protocol brigham and womens hospital. It is held together by several important ligaments. Repair with augmentation complete replacement of the acl with a graft clancy. This can happen in a sport such as basketball, for example, when a player lands on the leg when coming down from a rebound or is running down the court and makes an abrupt stop to pivot. Acl reconstruction rehabilitation protocol sports medicine north. Anterior cruciate ligament acl reconstruction jason s.
The goal of these videos is to help maximize your recovery following acl reconstruction surgery. Nhs trust acl reconstruction physiotherapy advice for. Rehabilitation after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Appointments begin physical therapy 23xweek, beginning 25 days postop rehabilitation goals full extension symmetrical to contralateral knee by the first postop visit. Anterior cruciate ligament acl injuries affect men and women.
Acl rehabilitation has undergone considerable changes over the past decade. Book a free consult for patients outside of the bay area 4155633110. Chondromalacia precautions and concomitant issues the completion of acl reconstruction using an allograft eliminates the potential issues that occur with hamstring and patella tendon harvest sites. This ligament basically prevents excessive movements of the lower leg against the thigh. Anterior cruciate ligament acl revision rehabilitation protocol the following is a protocol for postoperative patients following acl reconstruction. You will return to see your surgeon at the following intervals after surgery. Rehabilitation guidelines anterior cruciate ligament acl. Acl reconstruction techniques until the 1970s, there was a significant controversy about the functional importance of the acl 1970s. While our attempt is to make each of the steps self. Rehabilitation guidelines for acl reconstruction in the adolescent athlete over the top ott acl reconstruction anterior cruciate ligament acl injuries affect men and women across a wide age range and at all levels of athletics. Patellar tendon autograft rehabilitation protocol the intent of this protocol is to provide the clinician with a guideline of the postoperative rehabilitation course of a patient that has undergone an anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with a bonepatellar tendonbone autograft. Rehabilitation protocol for acl reconstruction massachusetts. Rehabilitation protocol for anterior cruciate ligament. The most common mechanism that tears the acl is the combination of a sudden stopping motion on the leg while quickly twisting on the knee.
The patient may discontinue the crutches when they can ambulate. Unlike most ligaments in the body, the acl ligament can be injured without an external force being active. Acl reconstruction rehabilitation protocol mike reinold. One high standard, three local partners for more information go to. Acl reconstruction rehab protocol general guidelines brace will remain locked until patient demonstrates good quadriceps control two to four weeks with weight bearing activities. Just pick up any journal and you are bound to find at least one article on the acl in each issue. Post operative rehabilitation program for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction this protocol is designed to assist you with your rehabilitation after surgery and should be followed under the direction of a physiotherapist. About the anterior cruciate ligament acl there are four main ligaments that stabilize the knee. Early weight bearing and early rehabilitation intervention vary for allograft and hamstring autograft.
It contains detailed exercises appropriate for the different phases of rehabilitation. This animation describes the anatomy of the knee and explains how a torn anterior cruciate ligament acl is repaired through an acl reconstruction surgical procedure. Acl hamstring tendon autograft reconstruction protocol the intent of this protocol is to provide the clinician with a guideline for the postoperative rehabilitation course of a patient that has undergone an acl hamstring tendon autograft reconstruction. Victoria v8z 09 tel 250 940 4444 fax 250 385 9600 page 4 april 2015 v1s. Acl reconstruction physiotherapy advice for patients oxford. In fact, 70 % of all acl injuries are noncontact in. Rehabilitation guidelines for acl reconstruction in the adult athlete skeletally mature anterior cruciate ligament acl injuries affect men and women across a wide age range and at all levels of athletics. Intensive research into the biomechanics of the injured and the operated knee have led to a movement away from the techniques of the early 1980s characterized by post operative casting, delayed weight bearing and limitation of rom, to the current early rehabilitation program with immediate training of. Moon acl rehabilitation guidelines general information. Acl reconstruction should be performed once the knee has recovered from the acute injury, has a full range of motion, and is pain free in order to optimise the outcome and avoid complications such as knee sti.
Intensive research into the biomechanics of the injured and the operated knee. If there are any questions regarding the moon acl rehabilitation guidelines, then please contact dr. Rehabilitation guidelines for acl reconstruction in the adult athlete skeletally mature. It is by no means intended to be a substitute for ones clinical decision. Acl rehab guidelines preoperative rehabilitation prior rehabilitation is essential for improved outcomes following anterior cruciate ligament acl reconstruction surgery. It is no means intended to be a substitute for ones clinical decision making.
Facts transformation of the graft into a strong and durable ligament requires four months. It consists of initial first aid, mobility, strength, balance, fitness and agility exercises both before and after reconstructive knee surgery. The anterior cruciate ligament acl is one of the major stabilizing ligaments in the knee joint. Acl reconstruction rehab exercises mickhughesphysio. Please give a copy of this acl rehabilitation protocol to your therapist.
The following is a protocol for postoperative patients following acl. Time frames for brace or crutches may be extended by dr. This strip of patellar tendon is then surgically fitted into the appropriate positions on the femur and tibia to mimic a natural acl. The exercises will help to strengthen the muscles around the knee and help you to regain full range of movement. Acl reconstruction rehabilitation protocol one of the most common complications following acl reconstruction is loss of motion, especially loss of extension. The knee is a simple hinge joint at the connection point between the femur and tibia bones.
Anterior cruciate ligament hamstring rehabilitation protocol. Anterior cruciate ligament acl reconstruction protocol. Rehabilitation following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction aclr is an essential part of a full recovery. Gsss patients guide to anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction colin walker frcs frank gilroy bsc mcsp 2nd edition 2016 based on previous programme written for gsss written and produced by c. Acl reconstruction postoperative protocol rosenberg. Rehabilitation following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction acl continues to be a exciting and popular topic in orthopedics and sports medicine. Acl reconstruction protocol hamstring graft week one week two initial evaluation evaluate range of motion joint hemarthrosis ability to contract quadvmo gait generally wbat in brace.
The most important of these to the knees stability is the anterior cruciate ligament acl. Physiotherapy following acl reconstruction protocol rehabilitation following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction aclr is an essential part of a full recovery. A graft that stretches or ruptures during this time period is not repairable. The exercises will help to strengthen the muscles around the knee and help you. This is the initial recovery phase and it normally lasts 1 3 weeks. However, if youre struggling for ideas, ive compiled a few of my favorite exercises into a video in no particular order to get the knee going during different phases of. If suspect an acl sprain, we strongly advise you seek professional medical advice as soon as possible. Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction accelerated rehab. See precautions section for modifications if secondary surgery involved revision, meniscus repair, etc. The number of acl tears in kids 614 years old has increased a lot over the last 20 years. Pre and postoperative rehabilitation is a major factor in the success of acl reconstruction. Phase i maximum protection weeks 0 to 2 brace six weeks use crutches weight bearing as tolerated for 7 to 10 days to reduce swelling. Rehabilitation program for acl reconstruction banff sport medicine. Orthopaedic surgery, sports medicine and rehabilitation anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction postoperative rehabilitation protocol 3727 buchanan street, san francisco, ca 94123 tel 415 5633110.
This protocol is designed to assist you with your rehabilitation after surgery and should. Successful anterior cruciate ligament acl reconstruction requires physical rehabilitation to help patients return to an active lifestyle. Loss of knee extension has been shown to result in a limp, quadriceps muscle weakness, and anterior knee pain. Specific intervention should be based on the needs of the individual and should.
Acl reconstruction protocol1 northwestern medical center. Anterior cruciate ligament surgery and rehabilitation have undergone dramatic changes over the past decade, due to extensive clinical experience, improved surgical technique and better understanding of rehabilitation. Edema control continue edema control until edema resolves typically 4 weeks or less. Acl hamstring tendon autograft reconstruction protocol. Anterior cruciate ligament acl rehabilitation physiopedia. Nhs trust acl reconstruction physiotherapy advice for patients. Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction accelerated rehab this rehabilitation protocol has been designed for patients with acl reconstruction who anticipate returning to a high level of activity as quickly as safely possible after surgery. Guide to acl reconstruction rehabilitation welcome to our acl reconstruction rehabilitation video series.
Rehabilitation protocol for acl reconstruction this protocol is intended to guide clinicians and patients through the postoperative course of an acl reconstruction. Anterior cruciate ligament acl reconstruction protocol please see the important note for stretching knee extension on page 5 the intent of this protocol is to provide a general framework for acl rehabilitation. Acl reconstruction rehab protocol the following is a protocol for postoperative patients following acl reconstruction. This protocol is intended to provide the user with instruction, direction, rehabilitative guidelines and functional goals. Acl rehab protocol is an outline of an anterior cruciate ligament sprain rehabilitation program. Pcl reconstruction protocol the intent of this protocol is to provide the clinician with a guideline for the postoperative rehabilitation course of a patient that has undergone a pcl or pclacl reconstruction. Progression should be based on careful monitoring by the physical therapist of the patients functional.580 423 458 704 426 565 652 42 1508 1561 532 667 258 1067 446 1526 1523 609 1228 1224 1450 1413 1464 822 1179 1208 1555 1258 844 776 1227 1222 303 327 602 859 949 195 670 930 104 1477 650 639